Breeding walnuts can be a fun and exciting hobby. For beginners, breeding walnuts, such as glosters, are the easiest to start because they reproduce more easily than some types of colors and songs. Chicken walnuts are much cheaper than men because they also do not sing, and a good selection must be available from hobby breeders.
Selection of breeding birds
When choosing canaries for breeding, look for young birds with good feathers (not molting) that are active and alert. The best male reproductive canary is usually a strong singer. Chickens for breeding should also be active but possibly broody, which means that they pull paper, rope, and other nesting material or will lay eggs on open dining plates. Soft-feathered birds will have a lighter, softer appearance, and hard-feathered birds will have feathers lying flat on their bodies. The color of hard-feathered birds is often richer and darker. Do not breed two soft-feathered birds with each other as this can cause fur cysts. With breeding walnuts such as gloster, crabs should always be bred to non-winged birds.
Generally, each pair of walnuts should have their own cage to breed and raise young ones. However, some male walnuts (especially glosters) will reproduce two females happily and tend to be at a young age at the same time. Special breeding cages with a central part for males and openings for them to go back and forth can be purchased from specialized stores and at bird shows. Male walnuts are usually active parents, feeding the mother first while she sits in the nest and then the baby until they escape.
During the breeding season, which is usually in late winter and early spring, the care of canaries requires higher levels of protein in their diet. In the wild, walnuts thrive during the spring rains causing the main food of their walnut seeds to germinate. You can simulate it by planting the seeds and rinsing them yourself. Store supplies in the refrigerator. Alternatively, boiled eggs can be offered.
Be sure to remove undigested parts within a few hours to avoid damage. Walnuts also need a lot of calcium in their diet to prevent egg binding. Squid bones should always be there, but during the breeding season it is a good idea to offer eggshells. Fresh greens should also be offered daily. Once the chicks hatch, it is important to offer egg food to parents every day. A mixture of boiled egg yolks with cereals made for human babies is used by many breeders.
Types and materials of nests
Canary prefers shallow open nests. Plastic nest pans are available from pet stores or other pet and animal supply businesses. They are attached to the side of the cage and are best placed on the back so that the bird has little privacy; however, make sure there is access to the nest so you can keep an eye on the chicks after hatching. Line up the plastic nest with the breastfeeding mat used for the human mother and attach it firmly to the nest pan. Although walnut parents will try to make a nest, sometimes they are not good nest builders, and if insufficient layers are used for the nest, the eggs will not be able to hatch at the appropriate temperature. Provide many natural nesting materials, such as cotton ropes, torn paper, fiber from dryers, or commercial nesting materials. Be careful not to use materials with nylon or polyester fibers that can tangle in adult walnut legs. Fiber can be embedded in the flesh, causing the walnut to lose one or both of its legs.
Walnuts need to be brought to breeding readiness to successfully mate and produce fertile eggs. They are sensitive to light and need to melt every year. Storing walnuts in a room with full spectrum lights on a timer is the easiest way to keep them in a breeding state. After they melt, the light duration should be increased daily by a few minutes until they have 12 hours of full light per day.
If using a timer, be sure to turn on a small night light so that the change is not sudden because the birds will want to perch at their preferred place. Also, if the lights go out suddenly, they can be injured by trying to find noise in the dark. Men will show their readiness with a full song. They will also feed the chickens. Females sometimes ask males for food and will also start tearing paper or other materials. When you see them carrying ropes and paper on their beaks, they are almost ready to multiply. Breeding usually occurs early in the morning on the barn floor.
Canaries usually produce one egg a day in the early morning. The eggs are small and blue with light brown spots on them. A large number of chickens will lay between three and five eggs per child but, on rare occasions, will lay six eggs. You know when the last egg has been laid because its color will be a little different from the previous egg. While the chicken is laying each egg, remove and place in a safe place and replace with commercially available marble or plastic eggs.
Eggs can be stored in a small box lined with tissue and placed in a drawer, but a safe place at room temperature will occur. When the chicken lays its last coupling, replace the marbles or forged eggs with the actual eggs you have stored. This will allow all the eggs to start incubating on the same day so that all the chicks will hatch together. If you do not do this and let it store all its eggs, the chicken may start staring too early and the baby will hatch for a few days. Newborns will usually die because the baby grows up quickly, and even a day or two is a big advantage to be fed, letting the younger children become overcrowded and starve to death. After six days, use a small flashlight to find out if the eggs are fertile. Hold the flashlight over the egg shell gently. The fertile eggs will be dark red or dark red so you can not see anything. Clear and infertile eggs will look almost transparent with a golden glow on them. Most breeders produce infertile eggs to make room for babies. Replace whatever you remove with an artificial egg. This can be removed later when the baby is strong enough to lift his head easily.
Walnuts must hatch on the 14th day after the last egg is laid. Generally, they will hatch all night and if you listen carefully, you will hear them spying in the morning. Baby walnuts are very small and, when curved in the nest, are about the size of your small size. Once they are dry, they are somewhat blurred with a long back. Whenever the mother approaches the nest, a healthy hungry baby will appear and open her mouth to be fed. When they are fed well, they lie down with their heads folded over their bodies. You will see large bumps on their necks where their plants are full. If you eat egg food, the bumps will turn yellow because the skin is quite transparent. Do not worry about its appearance because the bigger the lump in the neck, the better the baby is fed. If the mother does not feed enough, the bumps will not be there or may be smaller and longer than the bulbous.
Hungry babies should be fed every few hours. Good parents will be very caring, come down from the nest just to eat and drink and then feed the baby. A healthy baby will be loud enough when demanding food. If they are trying to persuade their parents to feed, and you do not see a full crop, you may need to add food by hand. A large number of walnuts are good parents, but sometimes you may find some that are not interested. This thing is more appropriate to happen with walnuts with color. If you want to wrap the baby, it should be done in the first two to three days. After that, their legs were so big that they slipped closed tape. Hold each baby gently and fold the front toe together with the back toe holding the foot. Then slide the strip over the toes and rotate backwards beyond the back toes. Strips printed with individual numbers and numbers can be obtained from bird clubs and used to facilitate the storage of breeding records.
Careful observation is very important for raising a baby walnut. A large number of mothers will feed their babies regularly, causing the baby to grow up quickly. The size should have almost doubled in yesterday. Check several times a day to make sure their plants are full. If the plants are not filled regularly or if the parents do not seem to care for the children when they open their mouths, you may need to add or even remove the mother and turn the baby’s back. Some mothers have been known to remove babies from the nest. Baby walnuts are easy to hold back if you can feed every two hours during the day. To begin, mix the human baby rice grains in a ratio of two parts warm water to one part cereal and add a small amount of finely chopped boiled egg yolk or put through a sieve. The liquid is liquid enough to put in a 1 ml syringe. Commercially available hand care formulas can also be used. Food must be warm but not hot because baby plants burn easily. Place a small amount on the inside of your wrist to test it. It must feel hot but not hot. Leave the baby in the nest and tap its beak gently. Once they open the beak, put a small amount (.1 ml) into the mouth. Once they realize the syringe has food in it, they should start asking for more. Feed each baby until the crop is full. Feed again when the crop has dropped by about 75 percent. Usually every two hours during the day of the first week, and longer between when they grow. The heating lamp is very important if the mother is not sitting on it.
Baby walnuts will start to run away, or fly, when their pin hairs stretch, usually about three weeks. Parents will usually continue to feed them for several weeks. Make sure the soaked seeds are available with fresh eggs and vegetables until the chicks eat the regular seeds. Make sure you remove the unused soaking seeds after a few hours and replace with fresh food. Once the baby is born, their parents begin to be interested in starting rebirth and will often build nests and start laying eggs while still feeding their first baby.
Soon after their baby escapes, most walnuts will be attracted to nest again. The second bird can be raised by healthy young chickens. If the hen is older, you may want to prevent her from raising her second child by removing the nest material and its nest. If he insists on laying eggs in his food plate, take him away from him until he can not plant them. The third generation should not be disturbed because it damages the health of chickens.
Elizabeth Wells, Ph.D. – Michigan State University
Reference or Source : https://companion-animals.extension.org