How much does it cost to start a poultry farm >> The Virginia Horse Industryboard And The Virginia Christmastree Grower’s Association Areproud Sponsors Of “virginiafarming. “>> This Program Is Brought Toyou By The Virginia Farm Bureau. Large Or Small, Virginia Farmerswork Year Round To Help Put Foodon Your Table, And Farm Bureauworks Year Round To Help Farmersand All Virginians. Farming — It’s All Good. To Learn More, Go Tovafarmbureau. Org. >> Hi Everybody, Welcome To”virginia Farming. “i’m Amy Roscher. Today We Are Taking A Look Atthe Poultry Industry.
Poultry Is Virginia’s Largestcommodity, And It’s Rockinghamcounty That Was Once Known Asthe Turkey Capital Of The World. In Fact, Today’s Modern Poultrypractices Of Using Brooderhouses Instead Of A Free Rangewas Started By R. B. Stricklerand Charles Wampler, Sr. Of Harrisonburg. We Were Given The Uniqueopportunity To See The Poultryproduction Process From Start Tofinish, And Today We Share Thatwith You. Then Chris Mullins Shares Tipson Growing Hearty Mums, From Theground Up, And Of Course, We’llhave A Minute In The Fieldvideo.
How much does it cost to start a poultry farm
All Of That, Coming Up On Thisvirginia Farming. ♪♪eggs, Chickens, And Turkeys Inrockingham County Grew From Thecuriosity, Ingenuity, Andbusiness Savvy Of Feed Companyowners R. B. Strickler Andcharles W. Wampler, Sr. Charles W. Wampler, Sr. Was Thefirst To Hatch A Turkey In Anincubator, Earning Him Note Asthe “father Of The Turkeyindustry. “despite A Lack Of Interest Andnay-sayers, Both Strickler Andwampler Started Raising Poultryin Confinement And Had Contractswith Poultry Growers To Enhancetheir Feed Business, Which Was Anew Concept At That Time.
They Became Among The First Tooffer Poultry Farmers A Contractto Grow Birds For Them,extending Credit For The Feedand Some Startup Costs. The Birds Were Then Sold To Livehaulers Who Took Them To Citymarkets. Over The Decades, The Stricklerand Wampler Families Observedtrends And Adopted New Methodswhen Business Demanded It, Andhelped Advance The Industry Intothe Modern Era, Freely Sharingtheir Innovation Locally Andnationally.
Fun Fact: In The 1930’s Whencharles W. Wampler Sr. Went To The Bank To Get A Loanto Grow His Turkey Business, Thebank Turned Him Down Becausethey Didn’t See Any Future Inturkeys. Ten Years Later, He Not Only Hada Thriving Turkey Operation Buthad Become President Of Thatbank!in Its Earliest Days, Farm Wivesworked To Ensure Their Eggsupply, Noting Which Feedcombinations Produced Thehealthiest, Most Productivebirds, And Then Breeding Themfor Even Better Egg Production. As Scientific Knowledge Spreadfrom Land-grant Colleges Likevirginia Tech Through The Countyextension Service, Farmersadopted Modern Productionmethods To Increase Productionof Both Eggs And Chickens. This Is A Breeder House. >> I’ve Been In The Poultryindustry For About 25 Years. When I Graduated From Virginiatech, I Needed Something To Comeback Into. Poultry Seem The Most Viableoption To Get Into. You Need About 10 Acres. That’s About All You Need. I Was On A Dairy Farm — I Kindof It Right In. >> Basically, I Was Raised Onthe Poultry Farm. My Grandfather Was Raisingturkeys And I Would Followalongside And I Just Fell Intoit. >> It’s The Only Thing I Reallyenjoy Doing. I Enjoy Being With The Animalsand Working On The Land. My Grandfather Moved Here Towest Virginia. He Started A Poultry Farm. >> >> This Will Be The 28th Yeari’ve Been Raising Turkeys. I Was An Education For Fouryears And In 1988, I Startedfull-time Here. My First House Was Built In 86. Poultry Was Just A Nice Fit. The Early Generation Used Toraise Things The Hard Way And Itwas Really Hard Work. The Bottom Line Is I Loveagriculture. I Chose The Lifestyle That Fitfinancially. You Have A Lot Of Assets, Iwould Say. It’s Something I Can Say Everymorning That When I Get Up, Ienjoy What I Do. >> This Is A Breeder House. The Roosters Fertilize The Eggsin The Hens. Later, The Hens Hop Up On Theplatform And Go Into A Nestwhere They Lay The Eggs. The Fertilized Eggs Are Sortedand Placed In Trays For Pick Up. There Are 2 Million Eggsdelivered To This Hatchery Everyweek. This Is One Of 8 Hatcheries Invirginia. The Eggs We Buy At The Grocerystore Are Not Fertilized And Areproduced By Laying Hens. The Eggs In These Hatcheries Arefertilized Eggs That Will Hatchinto Broiler Chickens To Beprocessed For Meat. Two Days After Arriving, Theeggs Are Moved Intoincubatorswhere They Stay For 19days. The Eggs Are Rotated 45 Degreesevery Hourmuch Like A Hen Wouldmove Them In A Farm Setting. Rotating The Eggs Keeps Theembryo From Sticking To The Sideof The Shell. After 19 Days, The Eggs Aremoved To The Hatching Room. 21 Days After Arriving, The Babychicks Hatch. Machines Help Separate Thechicks From The Shells. The Chicks Are Then Counted. Boxed. And Readied For Delivery To Afarm. Pioneers Like The Stricklers Andwamplers Figured Out How Toraise Poultry Year-round And Setthe Stage For The Industry Totake On Modern, More Efficientmethods. This Meant Selective Breeding,careful Feeding And Raising Thebirds In Big Poultry Houses Withcarefully Controlled Lightingand Ventilation, As Well Asmaintaining Scrupuloussanitation To Protect The Birdsand Consumers From Disease. The Birds Responded, Too,growing Bigger And Meatier Withevery Decade. Chickens Stay At The Farm For 35or 48 Days, Until They Weigh 3. 8or 6. 25 Pounds. Female Turkeys, Or Hens Stay Atthe Farm For 130 Days Until Theyweigh 28. 5 Pounds. Male Turkeys, Or Toms Stay Atthe Farm For 130 Days Until Theyweigh 40 Pounds. If A Bird Gets Sick,veterinarians Might Useantibiotics To Protect The Birdand The Flock, But Themedication Does Not Pass Throughthe Meat Or Egg. The U. S. Food And Drugadministration Closely Monitorsthe Types Of Drugs Used, And Thepoultry Industry Knows Howimportant It Is To Keep Flocksand Consumers Healthy, Havingexperienced Times When Illnesshas Wiped Out Entire Flocks Andclosed Markets For Theirproducts. 125 Tons Of Corn And Soy Aredelivered To This Feed Millevery Week. This Is One Of 6 Feed Mills Invirginia. Poultry Feed Consists Of 85%corn And Soy. Soy. The Other 15% Is Made Up Ofdried Distiller’s Grain, Bakerymeal, Poultry Meal, Vitamins Andminerals. The Raw Ingredients Arereceived, Then They Are Mixedinto Specific Portions. Steam Is Added To Gelatinizestarches And Form Pellets. The Pellets Are Dried Andcooled, And Are Ready Forstorage. Four Types Of Feed Are Made:starter Feed Is High In Proteinand Packed With Nutrients. The Pellets Are Crumbled Soday-old Chicks Can Eat It. Grower Feed Is Lower In Protein,but Higher In Energy To Promotegrowth. Finisher Feed Is High In Energyto Add Weight Quickly. The Withdrawal Feed Is The Finalfeed Before Being Sent Tomarket, And It Contains Noadditives. When A Poultry Farm Needs Feed,empty Trucks Arrive At The Fedmill. Each Truck Has 4 Compartments,and Each Compartment Is Filledwith A Separate Order Forindividual Farms. 300 Truckloads Of Feed Aredelivered From This Mill Everyweek. Fun Fact: Beginning In The 1930sa Breed Of Small White Turkeys,beltsville Whites, Was1930s A Breed Of Small Whiteturkeys, Beltsville Whites, Wasdeveloped, And Consumers Beganto Want Turkeys With Whitepinfeathers To Avoid Having Darkmarks In The Turkey’s Skin Whenthe Feathers Were Removed. In 1939, A Turkey Breeder Incalifornia Introduced The Firstwhite-feathered Broad-breastedturkey, Which Led The Commercialturkey Industry To Breed Out Thebronze Turkey In Favor Of Thewhite, To Meet Consumerpreference For Color And Size!in 2012, Va Farmers Produced240,500,000 Broiler Chickens And17,000,000 Turkeys. The Poultry Is Always Treatedhumanely. The Birds Are Euthanized Bysevering The Jugular Vein Andcarotid Artery. The Birds Are Then Washed Andfeathers Are Removed. The Feet Are Removed, And Theyare Also Processed. Did You Know Chicken Feet Areconsidered A Delicacy In Somecountries?then The Internal Organs Areremoved, And Everything Isinspected By The Usda. Some Are Processed As Wholechickens Like The Rotisseriechickens You Find In A Store. The Majority Of Turkeys Areprocessed As Whole Birds. Most Chicken Is Cut Into Piecesfor Packaging. The Chicken Parts For Somerestaurants Are Cut Using Alaser To Ensure Uniform Pieces. The Chicken Is Packaged And Keptcold. And Finally The Chickens Andturkeys Are Boxed For Freezingand Shipping. The Amazing Changes In Eggproduction And In The Size Ofchickens And Turkeys Over Theyears Are Due To Scientificadvances, Not Hormones. Hens Lay More Eggs And Birdsgrow Meatier Because Ofgenetics, Nutrition And Carefultending. Science Has Even Helped Birdsgrow Faster On Less Feed, Andproduce Less Waste. In 1964 Fiery Hot Wings Werefirst Served In A Bar Inbuffalo, N. Y. By The Early 1980s Consumerdemand For Boneless Skinlesschicken Breasts Meant Wings Hadbecome A Byproduct That Bars Andrestaurants Could Get Verycheaply. Offering Spicy “buffalo Wings,”their Profits Improved Aspatrons Drowned The Wings’ Fire. Because “buffalo Wings” Havebecome Popular, The Wholesaleprice Of Whole Wings Is Now Thethird Highest Priced Part Of Thechicken. The Laboratory Conducts Testingfor Microbiologics As Well Aselemental Tests. Approximately 150 Samples Areanalyzed Each Month To Ensurethe Product Surpasses Regulatoryrequirements. These Bacteria Are Identified Bythe Usda As The Most Commonbacteria Present In Poultry,including Salmonella And E-coli. Testing Is Not Only Conducted Onproducts Sent To The Consumers,but Also Water Used In Thefacility. Water Testing Is Conducted Toensure Facilities Are Providingwater That Meets All Regulatorystandards In The Productionareas. Approximately 50 Samples Ofwater Are Tested Each Month. The Lab Also Does Total Platecount Samples Every Morning Toensure The Production Equipmentis Sanitary. >> Technology Is The Biggestchange I Have Seen. Everything Is Computerized Now. It’s Not As Hands-on As It Usedto Be. That’s Probably One Of Thebiggest Things I Have Seen. It Makes It A Lot Easier. If There’s A Problem, We Get Aphone Call And You Can Comerunning Over And See What Isgoing On. >> As Early As 10 Years Ago, Itwas Taking About 114 Days To Getit To The Right Weight. No Hormones, Nothing Like That. A Lot Of Times People Think Wefill The Animal Up Withstimulants To Get The Genetics. >> You Can Take A Tom And Thehand And Breed Those Together –it Could Take Years And Youfinally Get The Bird That Youwant. >> We Are Completelycomputerized From Food, Water Tolight. >> We Think Computers Havereally Taken A Lot Of Theguesswork Out Of It. >> When I Was A Young Boy, Wedid Not Have The Computer Systemand All The Automation In Thebuilding Today. It Was All Labor And Work. Today, Labor Is A Small Part Ofit. >> It’s A Different World From30 Years Ago. >> Fun Fact — Today, Poultrygrowers Are Also Usingautomation, Computer Monitoringand Even Smartphone Apps To Helpthem Keep Their Birds As Happyand Healthy As Possible Whilereducing Disease, Waste Andcosts. This Technology Helps Alert Themto Issues That May Arise In Thepoultry House, Make Adjustmentsto Ventilation, And Even Keeptrack Of How The Commoditiesmarkets Are Performing, All Ofwhich Makes For More Successfulpoultry Operations. With Mounting Pressures On Foodproduction And Heightenedconcern For Our Air, Land Andwaters, The Poultry Industryremains Vigilant In Theirefforts To Protect Theenvironment. From Reducing And Reusingpoultry Litter In The Mostresponsible Ways, To Supportingenvironmental Programs, Researchon Nutritional Issues, Andinvesting Millions In Wastewatertreatment Upgrades. Poultry Growers Are Also Doingtheir Part. One Farm Family In Particularhas Been Singled Out For Theirenvironmental Stewardship. Craig And Nancy Miller Havereceived Us Poultry’s Familyfarm Environmental Excellenceaward As Well As Several Othersimilar Awards Over The Pastdecade. >> We Had A Problem On Ourdriveway And We Put In A Stormdrain That Takes About 30% Ofour Water, So There’s A Lot Ofretake. The Water Travels Underground Ina Hype That Is 430 Feet Long Toa Settlement On That I Havestocked With Fish. We Finish Off The Stream Andland A Lot Of Trees. This Year, We Built A Newfeeding Facility. I Am In The Process Of Landingsome More Trees Because We Needmore Trees On This Farm. Making Sure Future Generationshave Something They Can Reallybe Proud Of. >> We Are Required To Have Amanagement Plan. They Want To Know Where All Thelitter Goes. They Want To Track It. But All Of My Letter Istransferred Off The Farm. We Are Close To The River And Wehave A High Phosphorus Level, Sowe Can’t Put It Out Anyway. We Put Commercial Nitrogen Onthe Field And Sell All Thelitter. There’s A Good Market For It. Their People Out Of Thechesapeake Watershed That Wouldlike To Have The Litter. It’s A Cheaper Fertilizer. >> The Poultry Industry Providesa Way Of Life For More Than1,100 Virginia Families, And Hasfar-reaching Effects For Ourcommonwealth. Poultry Has A $3. 6 Billiondollar Direct Economic Impact Invirginia And An Indirectcontribution Of $8 Billiondollars. Additionally, More Than $800million Dollars In Local, Stateand Federal Taxes Come From Theindustry And Its People. With Jobs In Supplying Andservicing The Industry Factoredin, Poultry Provides 41,000 Jobsfor Virginians. Embracing Innovation And Usingcommon Sense, Rockinghamcounty’s Poultry Growers Havebeen Leaders In The U. S. Poultryindustry For Decades. Seeing A Need And Figuring Out Away To Fill It Has Beencommonplace, And When Thecommunity Needed To Pitch In Forthe Good Of The Industry,competition Didn’t Get In Theway. Whether Through Cooperatives Orbig Corporations, Virginiapoultry Operations Feed Theworld. They Are Easy To Care For Too!with Tips On Growing Mums Fromthe Ground Up, Here’s Chrismullins. >> High. Today, We Are At Pineviewgreenhouses Will Stop They Growmums — Look At All Of Thesebeautiful Mums That Are Out Heretoday. All Kinds Of Different Colorsand A Nice Burnt Orange Here Andread, Yellow. Yellow Is Popular. Some Really Beautiful Colorshere. People Love Mums. In The Fall, They Are One Of Thefew Plants For — Few Plantsblooming During September Andoctober. It’s A Nice Plan To Put In Thegarden. What We Are Talking But Here Arehearty Garden Mums. These Are A Little Different. These Would Do Very Well In Mostclimates In Virginia And Peoplewill Buy These In The Pots Thatyou See Here. They Are Not Terribly Expensive. You Can Find Them At Just Aboutany Garden Center. They Look And I Said You Can Putthem On Your Patio Or Frontporch. Some Of The Tear And Tips Youmight Need With These Is Thatthey Need A Lot Of Water. When They Are Growing Here Inthe Farmers Field, They Givethem Water Every Day And As Youhave These On Your Deck Orpatio, You Want To Continue Thatpractice And Water These Justabout Every Day. You Might Cut Back A Little Bit. In Terms Of Fertilizer, Youdon’t Need A Whole Lot. They Don’t Need A Lot Offertilizer. You Can Put These In A Pot Likethis, They Don’t Need A Lot Ofmaintenance And Care And Theywill Bloom For You Throughoutthe Growing Season. There Are Some Other Things Youcan Do If You Want To Take Themhome. Let’s Talk About That, Next. These Mums Are A Little Bitdifferent And A Little Smallerthan The Mums We Just Looked At. This Would Be Something Youmaybe Buy In Early Fall And Putin The Ground. They Will Do Well In Virginia. The Process You Go Through Isfind A Nice Location And Putthis In The Ground. For The First Couple Of Weeks,you Want To Water It Heavily Andmakes Sure It Gets Establishedthe Well. In Terms Of Fertilization, Itdoesn’t Look Like The Otherpots. It Will Start To Die Back Andwhen It Freezes, You Will Noticethe Plants Die Back. I Would Leave That Around Andthat Would Give It Someprotection Through Thewintertime. In The Springtime, Sometime Inmay, You Will Start To See Someshoots Coming Out Of The Ground. Go Ahead And Clean That Area,cut All Of That Out Of There. As Those Shoots Come Up, Theywill Be Nice, Green Shoots Andcome Right Out Of The Ground Inthe Springtime. The Plant Will Come Up And Notbe Around Necessarily Like This,but There Will Be A Few Shootscoming Up. What You Can Do Is Go Ahead Andcut That Back. If You Cut About Half Of Thatback, That Will Cause The Plantto Branch Out And Make Itselfmore Round Like This Year. A Couple Of These Pinchesthrough The Summer And That Willhelp Delay Filing Until You Wantit. In The Springtime, You Can Findtransplant That You Can Put Inthe Ground In May Will Flower Atthe Same Time. You Don’t Have To Wait For Thefall To Buy Them And Put Them Inthe Ground. It’s A Great Plants To Go In Thelandscape Or Around The House. For More Information About Mumsand How To Care For Them, Talkto Your Master Gardener. I’m Chris Mullins. We Will See You Next Time. >> Well, That Does It For Ourshow. I Hope You Enjoyed This Insidelook At Virginia’s Poultryindustry. Thanks So Much For Watching, Andhave A Great Week. I’m Amy Roscher For “virginiafarming. “you By The Virginia Farm Bureau. From Apples To Zucchini,virginia Farmers Work Year Roundto Help Put Food On Your Table,and Farm Bureau Works Year Roundto Help Farmers And Allvirginians. Farming — It’s All Good. To Learn More, Go Tovafarmbureau. Org. ♪♪